What an exciting time! You have decided to get a puppy. Now it is time to select your new puppy from a litter. Choosing a puppy can be difficult. At first they may all look and act alike. But don’t be fooled. Each puppy will have their own personality and traits. It is important to pick a puppy based on your lifestyle and the puppy’s personality. Do not pick a puppy based on how cute they are or which one comes to you first. To help you we have gathered the best tips on how to pick a puppy from a litter.
Dogs are a huge responsibility, both in time and money. Before picking a puppy make sure you are ready. In “Are you really ready to get a dog?” we explore 6 questions you need to ask before deciding.
The process of picking a puppy from a rescue group, a shelter or a breeder might be a little different, but the basic steps will be the same.
Picking a Puppy from a Breeder
There are two ways that puppies are picked when you get them from a breeder.
- The breeder picks the puppy for you based on:
- What they know about you
- Their knowledge of the other families getting a puppy
- Observing of the puppies
- Their expertise as a breeder
- You are allowed to pick your own puppy with some guidance from the breeder.
If the breeder chooses a puppy, you want to make sure they have as much information about you as possible. Make sure to tell them about yourself, your lifestyle and your expectations of your new puppy. This will enable them to make the best possible match.
The breeder should be asking you:
- Do you have kids?
- Are you home during the day?
- Do you want a male or female?
- Are you an active person?
- What activities are you looking to do with your pet?
- If you are getting a poodle mix do you have a preferred hair type
- Are you looking for an energetic or calm pup?
- Do you want them to be independent or eager to please?
If you are allowed to pick a puppy from the litter, you need to know where you are in the picking order. If you were the last person to send in a deposit you will not have an option to choose. You will simply be given the remaining puppy after everyone else has made their picks.
If you get to pick a puppy from a litter take some time to think about what you are looking for in an adult dog. Use the questions above to help you determine what your needs are. Then discuss what you are looking for with the breeder and let them guide you to the pup that best fits you.
Your breeder should be spending time with the puppies as they grow. During this time an experienced breeder will get to know the puppy’s individual personalities and traits. By the time the puppies are ready to be picked, the breeder should have a good idea of what each puppy’s temperament will be like as an adult. It is in the best interest of your breeder to make sure you go home with the right dog.
Picking a Puppy from a Rescue
Picking a puppy from a litter at a rescue group is a lot like picking a puppy from a breeder. If you are the first person to be approved for adoption you may be allowed to pick from the entire litter, otherwise you will get to pick based on when you are approved. But just like with breeders, some rescue groups prefer to do the picking. If that is the case make sure to tell them about your lifestlye and what you are looking for so they can make the best possible match.
Picking a Puppy from a Shelter
Most government run shelters use a first come, first serve approach to dog adoptions. Meaning if they have a litter of puppies you will be given the option to meet all the puppies that are still available.
For one of our many attempts to adopt a dog we went to our regional animal shelter to see a dog they had just taken in. She was a 4 month old mixed breed puppy. Even though we arrived about 20 minutes ahead of opening time there was a line waiting at the door. She was adopted by the first person in line.
How to Pick a Puppy from a Litter
Regardless of where you get your puppy from, the process to pick a puppy from a litter is the same.
- Bring a friend
- Observe the litter
- Pick a few pups to meet individually
- Evaluation each puppy individually using:
- Cradle Test
- Touch Sensitivity Test
- Summons Test
- Sound Sensitivity Test
- Vision Test
- Visual check
- Bite Response
Bring a friend
When planning to pick a puppy from a litter, ask an impartial friend or family member to come along. Seeing all those cute, happy faces can be overwhelming so it helps to have someone evaluate the pups with you.
Observe the litter
Ask if you can observe the entire litter for a few minutes. Ask if any of the litter is missing. Once you ensure that all the puppies are there pay attention to how the puppies interact with each other. Try to figure out which pup is dominant and which one (if any) is shy. If you are having a hard time figuring it out, casually ask the breeder/foster mom what she thinks. Both of these types of pups can come with training issues as they mature.
You want to pick from a litter of puppies that are friendly, curious, and trusting around their siblings and you. They should be exhibiting signs of interest and trust like smelling your feet and legs, crawling on you and looking for attention. You want to pay attention to signs of fear like running away or refusing to get close. This may be an indication that they will need extra training to become properly socialized. It’s ok if they lose interest in you and start playing with each other.
There are several distinct personality types in puppies. Look for the following signs to discover each puppy’s personality:
The Dominate Pup
A dominate pup may seem friendly, social and active, but you may notice them stealing toys from other pups, climbing over their littermates, playing rough or trying to break out of their enclosure. These are signs of wanting to be in control and may lead to them being harder to train and challenging young children. If you have young children this may not be a good fit.
The Independent Pup
An independent pup likes to make their own choices. You may find them doing their own thing. This pup can be quick-thinking, fun loving and engaging but they can also be hard to train. Often they have their own agendas and are not interested in your commands. These pups will require a lot of training but may become bored with repetitive training.
The People Pleaser
The people pleaser wants to be with people and will come looking for your attention. These pups can become very attached to their owners. With good positive training these pups can make great family companions. They will not be a good choice for a home where they are often left alone.
The Relaxed Pup
The relaxed pup may be less interested in you than their siblings. It is sometimes believed that a relaxed pup is less intelligent, but they will balance play, interaction and sleep, well. They will be a great fit for relaxed owners. Make sure you don’t confuse a relaxed pup with a shy pup. A relaxed pup will still be friendly, but a shy pup will keep their distance.
The Shy Pup
The shy pup will be more timid then their littermates. They may keep their distance from you, wait in the back of the pack or hang their head low. A shy pup will need a lot of time and patience to foster their self-esteem so that they become comfortable around others. They are more suitable for singles and couples who have time to train them and give them a lot of attention.
Evaluate Puppies Individually
Once you have had a chance to evaluate the pups with their litter ask to meet the available pups one on one out of sight from the rest of the litter. Try to conduct the following evaluations on each puppy.
Carefully pick up the puppy. Cradle them in your arms and see how they react. Does the pup struggle? Is she trying to mouth or bite? Does he lick your face? Is he calm? A puppy that puts up a struggle at first but then settles down might be easier to train than a puppy that does not want to be held.
Touch Sensitivity Test
Holding the puppy, touch his toes and squeeze gently on his paws. Touch the pup’s ears, and face too. Pups that yelp at the slightest pressure or bite your hands are not good for families with kids. A good response is a pup that shows no response.
Sit or kneel on the ground and call the puppy to you. Click your tongue or tap the ground to get the puppy’s attention if he does not respond to his name. If he comes to you quickly, he may have a strong attachment to people. If he ignores you or gets distracted he may be independent and require an experienced trainer.
Sound Sensitivity Test
Either clap your hands behind the pup’s head or drop a set of keys on the floor near the puppy but where they cannot see it fall to see what their reaction is. Does he ignore it? Does he get startled by it? A good response for a puppy is to go investigate the source of the sound.
To check a pup’s vision, roll a ball within the pup’s field of vision and see if he reacts to it by watching it or playing with it.
Take a good look at each puppy. Puppies should be nice and round, not too fat and not too skinny. Their eyes should be clear, bright and with no crust or discharge. Their ears, nose and teeth should be clean and gums pink.
Puppies should also have clean shiny coats with no sign of dirt or debris on their bodies. Listen to how the puppy is breathing. It should be quiet without coughing or sneezing a lot.
Watch the Puppies
Watch how the puppy walks and runs. The puppy should be able to move around without limping or seeming stiff or sore. Trouble moving may indicate hip or joint issues that could develop into something worst.
Pay attention to their energy level. If a pup bounces off the walls where he is, he’ll probably do it at your home. This puppy will be good for a very active home that will include him in the activities.
To test a puppy’s bite response, allow the puppy to mouth you until they start to bite. At that point respond with a high pitched “Ouch!” Watch to see if the pup catches on to your pain response. They should react with fear or concern, rather than excitement. Puppies that stop biting when people or dogs show pain are more likely to develop into adult dogs with good control over their mouths. Don’t be too concerned if the puppy notes your reaction, stops for a moment, and then returns to nibbling your fingers. This is normal.
It Is Up To You
Now that you know how to pick a puppy from a litter it is all up to you. Picking the perfect puppy is only the beginning. How a puppy is raised will determine how they turn out. Make sure you understand what it means to properly socialize a puppy and make ever effort to do it well.
Check out these posts to learn more about puppy socialization:
- How to Socialize A Puppy – Made Easy
- 10 Puppy Socialization Mistakes to Avoid
- 5 Safe and Easy Ways to Socialize Your Puppy.
What you need to do before bringing home a puppy
- Make sure your home is puppy safe. In Puppy Proofing Your Home – 10 Silent Dangers we go over many of the common household hazards you need to watch out for.
- Gather what you need for your new puppy. Join us at “What You Need for a New Puppy” to learn about the 7 essential items you need before you bring your puppy home. Plus we will provide tips on how to select the best items for your pup.
- Decide if you want to crate train your puppy. Crate Training not only provides a quiet place for your pup to retreat to when they are scared, tired or over stimulated. It also keeps your puppy safe and out of trouble when you can’t keep an eye on them. To learn more about crate training read Crate Training -Made Easy